quarta-feira, 10 de dezembro de 2014

Língua Inglesa V - pragmatics - Evaluation tasks (due to 16/12)

Module 22

  1. What are the main Mood types and the illocutionary act which corresponds basically to each?
  2. what is a ‘direct illocution’?
  3. what is an ‘indirect illocution’?
  4. what is the motivation for indirect illocutions?
  5. why is it not always possible to make a sharp distinction between one type of indirect illocution and another?

Module 22

  1. What semantic feature is associated with non-assertive contexts?
  2. what semantic features distiguishes an assertive item such as some from a non-assertive item such as any?
  3. what is the meaning of stressed any?
  4. im which semantic features does stressed any differ from every and either?
  5. besides negative and interrogative clauses, there are many other ‘non-assertive’ contexts. Name as may as you can.

Module 24

  1. Give some examples of ‘nuclear negatives’
  2. What do you understand by the ‘scope of negation’?
  3. what is the typical ilocutionary force of a negative declarative clause? what type of intonation accompanies this function?
  4. in what ways can this typical illocutionary force be modified?
  5. what dou you understand by ‘tranferred naegation”? Give an example.

Module 25

  1. Ouline the mood structure of the polar interrogative.
  2. Ouline the mood structure of the WH-interrogative.
  3. what is in question in each of these interrogative types?
  4. explain what you understand by ‘alternative interrogatives’ and give some examples.
  5. what do you understand by a ‘push-down element’ in an interrogative clause? Give an example.

Module 26

  1. what is the basic mood structure of the imperative?
  2. which type of Subject can be present in an imperative clause?
  3. How can a subject in an imperative clause be distinguished from a vocative?
  4. explain the use of let as an imperative marker.
  5. If the unmarked illocutionary force of the imperative is that of a directive, why is the imperative mood so often replaced by another mood structure in interpersonal interaction?

Module 27

  1. How is the exclamative mood structure formed?
  2. what is the abbreviated exclamative mood structure?
  3. how can the effect of an exclamation be achieved non-grammatically?
  4. what are the psychological motivations for using echo structures?
  5. what speech act functions do  do echo structures always have?

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