- What are the main Mood types and the illocutionary act which corresponds basically to each?
- what is a ‘direct illocution’?
- what is an ‘indirect illocution’?
- what is the motivation for indirect illocutions?
- why is it not always possible to make a sharp distinction between one type of indirect illocution and another?
- What semantic feature is associated with non-assertive contexts?
- what semantic features distiguishes an assertive item such as some from a non-assertive item such as any?
- what is the meaning of stressed any?
- im which semantic features does stressed any differ from every and either?
- besides negative and interrogative clauses, there are many other ‘non-assertive’ contexts. Name as may as you can.
- Give some examples of ‘nuclear negatives’
- What do you understand by the ‘scope of negation’?
- what is the typical ilocutionary force of a negative declarative clause? what type of intonation accompanies this function?
- in what ways can this typical illocutionary force be modified?
- what dou you understand by ‘tranferred naegation”? Give an example.
- Ouline the mood structure of the polar interrogative.
- Ouline the mood structure of the WH-interrogative.
- what is in question in each of these interrogative types?
- explain what you understand by ‘alternative interrogatives’ and give some examples.
- what do you understand by a ‘push-down element’ in an interrogative clause? Give an example.
- what is the basic mood structure of the imperative?
- which type of Subject can be present in an imperative clause?
- How can a subject in an imperative clause be distinguished from a vocative?
- explain the use of let as an imperative marker.
- If the unmarked illocutionary force of the imperative is that of a directive, why is the imperative mood so often replaced by another mood structure in interpersonal interaction?
- How is the exclamative mood structure formed?
- what is the abbreviated exclamative mood structure?
- how can the effect of an exclamation be achieved non-grammatically?
- what are the psychological motivations for using echo structures?
- what speech act functions do do echo structures always have?